Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome is an inherited disorder of the blood vessels that can cause excessive bleeding.
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia; HHT
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome is a condition passed down through families. It results from a problem in one of a few genes. Scientists have identified some of the genes involved. However, they do not know exactly how the gene defects lead to problems seen in persons with this syndrome.
People with Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome can develop abnormal blood vessels called arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in several areas of the body.
If they are on the skin, they are called telangiectasias. The abnormal blood vessels can also develop in the brain, lungs, liver, intestines, or other areas.
Call your health care provider if your child has frequent nose bleeds or other signs of this disease.
Genetic counseling is recommended for couples who want to have children and who have a family history of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Medical treatments can prevent certain types of strokes and heart failure.
Azuma H: Genetic and molecular pathogenesis of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. J Med Invest. 2000 Aug; 47(3-4): 81-90.
Faughnan ME, Hyland RH, Nanthakumar K, Redelmeier DA: Screening in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia patients. Chest. 2000 Aug; 118(2): 566-7.
Govani FS, Shovlin CL. Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia: a clinical and scientific review. Eur J Hum Genet. 2009 Apr 1. [Epub ahead of print]
Chad Haldeman-Englert, MD, Division of Human Genetics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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