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Often there are no symptoms in the earliest stages of prostate cancer. That’s why, if you’re a man aged 50-plus, you should talk to your doctor about prostate cancer screening.
Screening may include a PSA blood test to measure the level of prostate-specific antigens in a blood sample. Scheduling a consultation is easy and we’ll make the screening procedure as convenient as possible.
The prostate, one of the male sex glands, is located below the bladder and above the rectum. About the size of a walnut, the prostate surrounds the first inch of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder.
If you experience frequent urination, especially at night, difficulty starting urination or holding back urine, inability to urinate, weak or interrupted flow of urine, painful or burning urination, blood in the urine, painful ejaculation or continuing pain in the lower back, hips or upper thighs, see your doctor.
Age — Prostate cancer is found mainly in men over age 55. The average age of patients at the time of diagnosis is 70.
Diet and Dietary Factors — Some evidence suggests that diets high in animal fat may increase the risk of prostate cancer while a diet high in fruits and vegetables may decrease the risk.
Family History — A man's risk for developing prostate cancer is higher if his father or brother has had the disease.
Race — The disease is much more common in African American men than in white men. It is less common in Asian and American Indian men.
Your physician will conduct a thorough examination, which might include a biopsy and, in addition to the PSA blood test mentioned above:
Cystoscopy — This procedure looks into the urethra and bladder through a thin, lighted tube.
Digital Rectum Exam — The doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum and feels the prostate through the rectal wall for hard or lumpy areas.
Source: National Cancer Institute